The Telephone Records and Privacy Protection Act of 2006

On January 12, 2007, the President of the United States signed H.R. 4709, The Telephone Records and Privacy Protection Act of 2006.  It is now illegal to sell, transfer, or possess confidential telephone records.  The "Act" defines "confidential telephone records" as: "...information relating to the quantity, technical configuration, type, destination, location, or amount of use of a service offered by a phone company."

The Telephone Records and Privacy Protection Act of 2006 also includes an "Extraterritorial Jurisdiction" clause, which prohibits foreign companies from selling or re-selling any American telephone records.

Also, therefore, according to H.R 4709, "pinging" cellular telephones is illegal, because the person's "location" is defined as one of the types of "Confidential Telephone Records" protected under the law.